Category Archives: Allergies & Asthma

Do women’s personality traits affect their risk of diabetes? – Medical News Bulletin

Reading Time: 2 minutes In a recent study published in the journal Menopause, researchers examined whether personality traits are associated with the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women. Diabetes affects more than 30 million Americans to this date. The risk of diabetes increases with age, and type 2 diabetes is the most common type. Adults…

Can a hysterectomy increase dementia risk? – Medical News Bulletin

Reading Time: 2 minutes The uterus is thought to play no role outside of pregnancy. However, Koebele and colleagues show that a hysterectomy could significantly impact hormonal and cognitive function. A hysterectomy is a common procedure in which the uterus is surgically removed. Usually, this occurs prior to the onset of menopause, and about half…

Can we target BRCA1-defecient ovarian cancer? – Medical News Bulletin

Reading Time: 2 minutes A recent study in Journal of Cell Biology revealed a new molecular node that could be pharmacologically targeted to treat BRCA-1 deficient ovarian cancers. Environmental stresses can introduce breaks within our genomic DNA. Such errors are highly deleterious to the cells. Therefore our cells deploy multiple genome repair mechanisms in order…

How does less than six hours of sleep affect your heart health? – Medical News Bulletin

Is less than six hours of sleep a night increasing your risk of heart disease? A recent study investigated whether sleep could be a potential tool to help fight heart disease. According the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death globally. In 2016, it was estimated 31% of global…

Does the rotavirus vaccine reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes in children? – Medical News Bulletin

A recent Australian study looked at type 1 diabetes rates before and after the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease, a type of illness that causes the immune system to react against the body itself. Beta cells of the pancreas produce insulin, a hormone that regulates the absorption…

Childhood Asthma: What is the Role of Epigenetics? – Medical News Bulletin

Asthma is a complex chronic disease with environmental and genetic factors influencing prevalence. A recent study examined epigenetic data from children to determine the importance of epigenetics in childhood asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation and swelling of the airways which can lead to wheezing and shortness of breath. In 2009, it…

New Hope for Patients with Uncontrolled Asthma

A phase II trial of Tazepelumab – an asthma medication developed by pharmaceutical companies MedImmune and Amgen – yielded exciting results for many patients with uncontrolled asthma. Over 315 million people across the globe are affected by asthma – a long-term inflammatory disease of the lungs. Most cases can be controlled by using glucocorticoids administered…

Are there Differences in Asthma Management between Ethnic Groups?

Researchers investigate the differences in asthma management and severity between different ethnic groups in Britain, in order to improve services to all groups. One million children receive treatment for asthma in the United Kingdom. Healthcare practitioners have noticed a difference in asthma management between children of different ethnicities. Children of South Asian heritage were experiencing…

Will Molecular Allergy Diagnostic Tests Replace Skin Prick Tests?

The skin prick test has several flaws, prompting researchers to investigate into alternative molecular allergy diagnostic tests. Skin prick tests involve pricking an extract of a suspected allergen onto the surface of the skin. Redness and swelling at the test site indicate a Type I allergy, which is caused by the antibody IgE. This is…

Frequent Exposure to Fragrance Contact Allergens in Cosmetics

A recent study investigates whether consumers are subjected to frequent exposure to fragrance contact allergens through cosmetic products and if these products are infrequently labelled with the allergens most commonly involved in contact allergies. Fragrance chemicals are primary contributors to the incidence of contact allergies in European adults, with 120 types inducing skin sensitization. Twenty-six…