Category Archives: Clinical Trials & Research

New insights on how second-hand smoke affects children – Medical News Bulletin

A recent study published in JAMA Ophthalmology explains how second-hand smoke affects children’s eyes. Thanks to public health campaigns, people of all ages have a growing awareness of the severe and extensive health damage smoking causes to themselves and others around them. Despite these efforts, in the United States alone, 14% of adults 18 years…

New study identifies risk factors associated with higher Parkinson’s disease-related mortality – Medical News Bulletin

Researchers in the Netherlands have identified risk factors that are associated with a higher Parkinson’s disease-related mortality in a new study published in the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases characterized by slow movement, muscle weakness, rigidity, and tremors. It is linked to higher overall death…

Occasional drinking during pregnancy and its effects on insulin and fetal growth – Medical News Bulletin

Consumption of alcohol during the earliest periods of fetal development can lead to metabolic issues in male offspring, especially in regards to insulin resistance and insulin signalling within the body. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the transport of glucose into our cells. It allows the sugars that we eat to be utilized for…

Does exposure to blue light have negative health effects? – Medical News Bulletin

In this study, researchers attempt to determine how exposure to blue light affects the health of flies. Artificial lights – such as blue light from LED displays – are associated with affecting sleep patterns and contributing to the incidence of sleep disorders. With many modern tools using artificial lights, it is imperative to study the…

Can gastroesophageal reflux cause pain from TMD? – Medical News Bulletin

A research study determined the correlation between gastroesophageal reflux and pain from temporomandibular disorder. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a medical condition involving the flow of stomach acid up into the esophagus. Although it is a common temporary occurrence for most individuals, repeated gastroesophageal reflux can have a negative impact on the esophageal lining. Temporomandibular disorder…

Component that contributes to the antibacterial properties of breast milk identified – Medical News Bulletin

Researchers have taken a closer look at the antibacterial properties of breast milk to find out what makes it so good for fighting infectious bacteria. The beneficial properties of breast milk are well established: The World Health Organisation recommends that babies are exclusively breastfed until six months of age, and then alongside solid food, breastfeeding…

How common is high blood pressure in children? – Medical News Bulletin

A meta-analysis of almost 50 articles published over a 24-year period examined the global prevalence of high blood pressure in children. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is very common, and many people who have it do not realize that they do.  A normal blood pressure range is below 120/80mmHg.  Elevated blood pressure is characterized…

New intravascular ultrasound imaging technology may help doctors identify vulnerable patients – Medical News Bulletin

  Coronary artery disease is caused by the narrowing or blockage of arteries that supply the heart with blood. Despite recent advances in the treatment and care of patients with coronary artery disease, it remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. The condition is often associated with adverse health events…

What do people think causes cancer? – Medical News Bulletin

A recent study assessed cancer patients’ perceptions regarding the potential causes of their cancer. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death around the world.  There are many known risk factors such as smoking, poor diet, inadequate exercise, alcohol consumption, and sun exposure. Knowing what people think causes cancer is important for promoting prevention…

Can our diet have a beneficial impact on inflammatory bowel disease? – Medical News Bulletin

Researchers have demonstrated an association between diet-mediated remission in inflammatory bowel disease and microbiome composition. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella name for various gastrointestinal tract disorders, the most abundant is Crohn’s disease in humans. Years of research have suggested that a combination of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility plays a role in the…