Category Archives: Drugs

Monoclonal Antibody Reduces Symptoms Associated with Chikungunya Virus Infection

Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-borne virus for which recent outbreaks in human populations have drawn a lot of interest from the scientific community. Luckily, a group of investigators recently reported the development of a monoclonal antibody with therapeutic potential in a macaque monkey model of the disease. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can be transmitted to humans…

Evaluating the Safety of Alemtuzumab as a Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis

The use of alemtuzumab as an immunotherapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) has been linked to serious side effects. A new study explains how alemtuzumab might trigger new autoimmune disease as the immune system reconstitutes itself after administration. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease which causes damage to the central nervous system by eating away…

Application of Nanomaterials in the Field of Medicine

There has been a growing interest in the different applications of nanomaterials in the field of medicine. An article published in Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine showed the ways in which Laponite®, a synthetic clay made of nanomaterials, can be of use in clinical practice. Current advances in technology have provided many opportunities to develop…

Polymeric Micelles: New Targeted Drug Delivery Systems for Cancer Therapy

Polymeric micelles are an important class of targeted drug delivery systems that act as carriers of chemotherapeutic agents. A recent review summarized the research being carried out in the development and use of polymeric micelles and micelle-forming drug-polymer conjugates for cancer therapy. A common problem in cancer treatment is the untargeted delivery of highly toxic…

Hospital Acquired Infections: Distribution and Spread of Bacteria in the Hospital

Hospital acquired infections are rampant today. Understanding their origin and how they spread is key to avoiding infection. A recent study characterized bacteria found on hospital surfaces, patients and staff in a new hospital over a 1 year period. An individual’s immune system protects them from foreign bodies and organisms. For an immune system to…

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections: Avoid the Rush to Treat with Antibiotics

Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription. Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present with…

Controlling a Pandemic: Effects of Plasma Treatment on Severe Influenza

A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise. A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution for…

Antibiotics Over Surgery for Initial Treatment of Appendicitis in Children

A meta-analysis study published in JAMA Pediatrics investigated the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic treatment over surgical intervention in children with uncomplicated appendicitis. The appendix is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, the initial part of the large intestine. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is acute and painful condition felt at…