Category Archives: Drugs

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections: Avoid the Rush to Treat with Antibiotics

Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription. Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present with…

Controlling a Pandemic: Effects of Plasma Treatment on Severe Influenza

A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise. A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution for…

Antibiotics Over Surgery for Initial Treatment of Appendicitis in Children

A meta-analysis study published in JAMA Pediatrics investigated the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic treatment over surgical intervention in children with uncomplicated appendicitis. The appendix is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, the initial part of the large intestine. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is acute and painful condition felt at…

Antibiotics Given an Hour Before Surgery Prevent Post-Operative Infection

Clinical trial data support the administration of antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgery for prevention of infection. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common hospital-acquired infections in surgical patients. To prevent such infections, the World Health Organization (WHO)recommends antibiotics be given within an hour of surgical incision. Called surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP), these antibiotics…

Parents Now View Flu Vaccine As Less Important Than Other Childhood Vaccines

An American national poll found that parents who do not give their children the flu vaccine view the vaccine less positively. Public health professionals have observed that flu vaccine rates are significantly lower than national targets in the U.S, despite extensive public health efforts. A recent news article, published by the…

Prescription of Anti-influenza Medication in Children is Low and Varied

In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals. The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase the…

Influenza Vaccine Does Not Increase Risk of Childhood Morbidity

According to a recent comprehensive cohort study conducted in Denmark, the influenza vaccine does not increase the risk of childhood morbidity in the children of mothers who received this vaccine during pregnancy. Children exposed during the first, second or third trimester had similar rates of hospitalization as children who were not exposed to the vaccine….

Intranasal or Intramuscular Injection: Which Flu Vaccine Provides Better Community Protection? – August 31, 2016

A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children. Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to acquire…

Influenza Vaccine Reduces the Risk of Fatal Influenza-Related Complications in Type 2 Diabetes Patients – August 16, 2016

A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses. There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination in…